Barrie England’s latest blog post is titled “Grammar Basics: Sentence Structure (1)”.
Barrie says, “The way we put words together to make sentences is known as syntax. It’s easiest to consider the basics of syntax in terms of canonical sentences. A canonical sentence is a sentence of the simplest, and possibly commonest, kind. An example might be William drives. Simple enough. No negation. No question. A simple statement. Three non-canonical versions, just to give an idea of the difference, would be Does William drive? William doesn’t drive and Doesn’t William drive? There are seven ways in which canonical sentences can be structured in English. The first two are Subject-Verb and Subject-Verb-Object.”